Initial National Communication (INC)
The greatest challenge of the 21st century is to combat climate change while ensuring sustainable national development. Important and ambitious targets in reducing emissions and vulnerability have been recognized in the frameworks of the UNFCCC and the Rio+20 objectives. Furthermore, efforts to halt adverse effects of climate change need to be addressed swiftly to abate and avoid negative impacts. The Government of Somalia is committed to meet nationally determined reduction targets and implementing a comprehensive nationwide response to climate change actions including; adaptation, mitigation and creating resilient communities. Somalia‘s climate change actions are aimed at safeguarding the environment, sustaining the society, and supporting economic growth and sustainability for the future generations. Mitigation actions are identified as voluntary commitments to be elaborated into policy framework for climate change mitigation to achieve the national target of 35% emission reduction compare to business as usual in 2030. The important elements of mitigation actions will be determined through the process of unpacking the NDC. As a Party to the UNFCCC, The Federal Republic of Somalia has the obligation to report periodically through national communications, and to submit biennial update reports containing updates of national greenhouse gas inventories, including a national inventory report and information on mitigation actions, needs and support received, as mandated by the COP. The information contained in this Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC includes; national circumstances influencing climate change actions, the steps taken to implement the convention, the national inventory of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removal by sinks of all greenhouse gases (GHGs) not controlled by the Montreal Protocol, actions taken, information on vulnerability assessment, adaptation strategies, mitigation actions and support needed and constraints to the implementation of climate change actions..